For the Calendar Year 2000

NOTE that Lake Wynonah Municipal Authority is now Plum Creek Municipal Authority

As a service to our customers, the Lake Wynonah Municipal Authority and AmericanAnglian are proud to distribute our Annual Consumer Confidence Report. This report is designed to inform you about your drinking water quality and services we deliver to you every day. It is a continuous commitment, on our part, to provide the highest quality water and service that meets and exceeds all state and federal drinking water standards and regulations. If you have any questions about this report or concerning your water utility, please contact Michael Stewart at the Lake Wynonah Municipal Authority, 100 East Main Street Rear, Schuylkill Haven, PA at 570-754-7505 or 570-385-4180. We want our valued customers to be informed about their water utility. If you want to learn more, please attend any of our regularly scheduled meetings. They are held on the third Tuesday of odd months (Jan, Mar, May, Jul, Sep, Nov) at 6:00 PM at the Wayne Township Municipal Building. We hope that this report provides answers to questions most frequently asked by our 1600 customers.

What is the Source of the Lake Wynonah Water Authority?
The source of your drinking water is a system of four production wells which are located within the Lake Wynonah development. Our wells draw from Mauch Chunk formation, which is a system of microfissures and cracks in the stone.

How does Lake Wynonah Monitor the Quality of my Water?
As water travels over the surface of the land, or through the ground, it can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or humans. The purification processes, at our treatment plant, is designed to remove harmful materials and ensure that your water meets or surpasses all drinking water standards. Skilled treatment plant operators monitor your water at the source, test throughout the treatment process, and continue testing as the water flows through your local distribution system.

Substances that may be present in wells, lakes, reservoirs, and other untreated sources include:
Inorganic substances such as salts and metals that can be naturally occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining, or farming.

How is the Purity of my Water Ensured?
The Lake Wynonah Municipal Authority routinely monitors for constituents in your drinking water according to Federal and State laws. The following table shows results of our monitoring for the period of January 1 to December 31, 2000 for all constituents that were detected. All drinking water, including bottled water, may be reasonably expected to contain at least small amounts of some constituents. It is important to remember that the presence of these constituents does not necessarily pose a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.

What are the Results of your Tests?
The following tables list the compounds routinely detected in your drinking water. Initial monitoring for Synthetic Organic Compounds (SOCs), pesticides and herbicides began in 1995. At that time we received a waiver from the DEP (Department of Environmental Protection) in regard to monitoring. This waiver was granted because there is little risk of exposure from these contaminants, within a certain radius, from the wells. If you would like a complete listing of the latest sample results, please contact our customer service center at 570-754-7505.

Regulated Contaminants - Inorganic Chemicals
Dectected Parameter Units Range Detected Highest Level Detected Maximum Contaminant Level (highest level allowed) Maximun Contaminant Level Goal (ideal goal) Source
Arsenic Total ppb 10.00 10.00 N/A 50 Erosion of natural deposits; runoff from orchards; runoff from glass and electronics production wastes

Regulated Contaminants - Measured at the Customer's Tap
Radioactive Contaminants
Detected Parameter Units Range Highest Level mcl goal mcl Source
ALPHA emitters pCi/l 0.9 +/- 1.2 0.9 +/- 1.2 N/A 15 Erosion of natural deposits

As shown by the preceding tables, our system had no violations, and we are proud that your drinking water meets or exceeds all Federal and State requirements.

What do these Terms Mean?

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal (MCLG):
The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL):
The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

ppm (parts per million):
1 drop in 10 gallons, 1 inch in 16 miles, or one penny in $10,000.

ppb (parts per billion):
1 drop in 10,000 gallons, 1 inch in 16,000 miles, or one penny in $10,000,000.

Exemption (waiver):
State or EPA permission not to meet an MCL or a treatment technique under a certain condition.

Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

Is the Water that Meets Federal Drinking Water Standards Absolutely Safe?
Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons, such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune system disorders, some elderly and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health providers. EPA and Centers for Disease Control guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by cryptosporidium and other microbiological contaminants are available from the Safe Drinking Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.

Thank you for allowing us to continue providing your family with clean, quality water this year. In our continuing efforts to maintain a safe and dependable water supply it may be necessary to make improvements in your water system. The costs of these improvements may be reflected in the rate structure. Rate adjustments may be necessary in order to address these improvements.

We ask that all our customers help us protect our water sources, which are at the heart of our community, our way of life, and our children's future.

You most likely are, at one time or another, aware of the chlorine used to disinfect your municipal water. Although its distinctive aroma may be unpleasant to some, it is an indication that your water supply is being adequately treated to protect you from harmful or deadly microorganisms.

Chlorine effectively kills a large variety of microbial waterborne pathogens, including those that can cause typhoid fever, dysentery, cholera and Legionnaires' disease. Chlorine is widely credited with virtually eliminating outbreaks of waterborne disease in the United States and other developed countries. Chlorine is currently employed by over 98 percent of all US water utilities that disinfect drinking water. It has proved to be a powerful barrier in restricting pathogens from reaching your faucet and making you ill. Chlorine and chlorine-based compounds are the only disinfectants that can efficiently kill microorganisms during the flow of water from our wells to your tap.

If chlorine kills so many species of microorganisms, why doesn't it harm humans? Fortunately, when we ingest chlorinated drinking water, food in our stomachs and the materials normally present in the intestinal tract quickly neutralize the chlorine. So chlorine concentrations along cell membranes in the gastrointestinal tract are too low to cause injury.

The LWMA carefully regulates chlorine levels so that they effectively kill disease-causing microorganisms but do not harm people. In addition, the LWMA tests the concentration of chlorine in your drinking water at various check points throughout the development every day to assure that chlorine levels are acceptable as per DEP regulations.

For chlorine to be effective against microorganisms, it must be present in a sufficient quantity, and it must have a sufficient amount of time to react. This reaction time is called the contact time. For most water systems, the best contact time is usually 30 minutes. To ensure continued protection against harmful organisms, a certain amount of chlorine must remain in the water after treatment. The remaining chlorine is known as a residual chlorine. It is this tiny amount that you sometimes smell in your tap water.

Consumer Confidence Report for 1999

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2001 Plum Creek Municipal Authority